When the very first art teacher commanded the very first art student to learn anatomy, it began a long, long search for shortcuts.
|Anatomical study from George Bridgman's life drawing class, 1911|
Thousands of years later, art history is still littered with failed attempts at shortcuts on anatomy. Artists have tried concealing their ignorance by using heavy shadows or excessive random lines or a soft focus. They have tried concealing hands in pockets, or cropping pictures to exclude difficult parts, but their weakness shows through.
Yet, consider the drawings of Jack Kirby:
Contrast the following study of deltoid, bicep and elbow from George Bridgman's life drawing class...
....with the same body parts in Kirby's drawing:
And that's the way it is with Kirby; there is a confidence and virility to his figure drawing that repeatedly powers him through awkward anatomical questions.
Of course, bluffing as often as Kirby did, sometimes his bluffs failed spectacularly:
|The fine lines of inker Vince Colletta betrayed structural weaknesses more than bold brush strokes did|